Pea Pests: Effective Ways to Combat
Weaving long plants, with delicate leaves and flowers from the legume family. A very common crop in the fields and gardens. Not particularly capricious, but the crop can suffer from pests. Summer residents usually do not allocate much space for this plant, and even in vain.
Microorganisms that appear in tubers on pea roots absorb nitrogen compounds from the air. Thanks to this, it can grow well on poor soil, and dying enriches it with nitrogen. It is an effective remedy for tired land.
Who can harm this culture?
Having planted a significant amount of this plant on your site, you need to prepare to protect your crop from uninvited guests and be fully equipped.
Pea moth, or leaf moth
This is the number one enemy for peas. Caterpillars wintering in the ground appear on the surface in the form of butterflies during the flowering period. Each of them can postpone offspring as much as two hundred individuals. Lays anywhere, on stems, sheets, pods. After about a week, offspring appear. Caterpillars crawl into the best pods and begin to eat peas, leaving wormholes.
For deterrence, odorous preparations are prepared, such as a decoction of bitter wormwood, tomato tops.
The codling moths also do not like the celandine infusion. Garlic is also unbearable for them.
Preparation of infusion: 20 g of crushed garlic is taken, added to a bucket of water, usually 10 liters. We expect during the day, carefully filter and spray.
The composition is not harmful, you can spray it many times, and you can not wait for the pest to appear, but carry out prophylaxis on time. Work in the evening.
Powder dusting of plantings with celandine, tobacco, ash also copes with them.
Insects also winter in the soil, only in the adult beetle stage. They are activated in the spring, in the upper layer of the earth any perennial legumes are eaten, as soon as they smell peas nearby, they immediately fly over to it. Lay many their larvae, which eat nodules and pea roots. This harms not only the plant but also the subsequent mineralization of the soil layer.
The main thing is to prevent the insect from its crops, otherwise, you will have to poison it with serious chemistry. Wood ash, tobacco dust, and also dust from dried marigold flowers will help to scare away. Along the perimeter, crops can be treated with garlic tincture, described in the first case.
This is not a pest, but a disease, but also very unpleasant. It has a fungal origin. Peas are infected by flying spores and at a very fast pace. Leaves and stems are usually affected. Growing mycelium becomes dense and forms white clusters. More elevated plants cling to this disease much more often.
Having noticed the diseased parts on the plants, remove them as soon as possible and burn them. Next, prepare an infusion of the peel of onion.
Proportion: take up to 50 g of raw materials per liter, boil for a while. Then leave for 5-7 days. It takes a long time to infusion, so it is better to carry out prophylaxis several times.
General control measures
Insects and pathogens most often “come” from the soil, so when harvesting, you need to pay a lot of attention to it. Deep digging can save your crops from many problems. Also, getting rid of weed and loosening helps to cope with the misfortune in the form of pests.